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Food & Cooking

In Tudor times, the more wealthy a person, the more variety of food they enjoyed – depending what was in season.

Most households ate two meals a day. The table would be laid with food and people would help themselves to a little of everything.

Meat, fish, bread and cheese were popular with the rich – who often added spices to create exotic-tasting dishes.

The poor ate mostly vegetables, which in those days were not considered very good for you.

There were no refrigerators, so food was often salted, smoked or pickled to preserve it.

Cooking was done in the fireplace using a pot placed in, or hung over, the fire. A spit was used to turn and roast meat and ovens were built into fireplaces to bake bread and pies.

Rich people used metal plates of silver, or pewter, and most people had wooden plates called trenchers – though the poor ate their meals off a plate of dried bread.

Because waste was thrown into any stream drinking water was often dirty, so ale and cider were common drinks, even for children!

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