In Tudor times most people lived in small villages in homes with only one or two rooms. Most homes had a straw roof, or thatch, although later in this period some roofs were tiled.
The walls of Tudor houses were often made from hand cut timber frames filled with a mixture of wood, earth, dung and straw called wattle and daub. The daub was usually painted with lime wash to make it white.
The very wealthy may have built their homes using thin handmade bricks or stone. They needed many rooms, where a large number of guests and servants could be accommodated, fed and entertained.
In towns the upper floors of Tudor houses were sometimes larger than the ground floors, with an overhanging jetty. This is because houses were taxed according to the size of their ground floor only.
Early Tudor houses, and the homes of the poor, did not have chimneys. The smoke would be let out through a simple hole in the roof. Bigger homes had tall, thin chimneys to vent the many fireplaces required to keep their vast rooms warm and to cook food.
Wealth was shown by using lots of glass. Expensive and difficult to make, small-paned windows became a fashionable feature of Tudor houses.