Tudor towns and villages had a parish school, where the local vicar taught boys from wealthy families to read and write. They were sent to school at the age of four and moved to grammar school when they were just seven years old.
As well as having to speak Latin at school, the boys were taught Greek, religion and mathematics and practised writing in ink by copying the alphabet and the Lord’s Prayer.
The wealthiest families hired a tutor to teach the boys at home.
Because most girls were not allowed to go to school, they could neither read nor write.
Most children and adults worked each day tending their crops and animals.
Men and boys worked in the fields, growing various food crops and would also hunt and keep animals for their meat. Some men had skilled jobs such as blacksmiths, making tools.
Women and girls looked after the home; cooking, washing, brewing beer, making clothes and candles, keeping bees for honey, milking the cows and growing herbs for medicines and cooking.